Sunday, May 24, 2020

Essay on The Spreading of HIV/AIDS - 684 Words

Globalisation is a form of transition that can not be prevented, as communities around the world are keep evolving. The globalisation itself have improved the communication between people in worldwide. In addition, travelling in between countries or continent have became more accessible as the technology has improved greatly in the past few years. Today, distance is no longer an issue with the profound of internet as a new tool for communication especially through social media. Thus, people are able to connect with others and exchange their interests in customs and cultures. The tremendous transformation of this lifestyle of people in around the world have also affected on how the communities developed. As a superpower country, United†¦show more content†¦Many people are concerned about the spreading of HIV/AIDS, as the people infected by this virus will have a deterioration of their body’s immune system and without any further treatment, it would become worse. This is fatal, because when the body lost its immune system, it will be prone to be affected by chronic disease. There are few symptoms that needs to be aware of in the early stages of HIV/AIDS, such as fever, swollen glands, sore throat, rash, fatigue, muscle and joint aches, and headache. If someone has been experiencing most of these symptoms for a long period of time, there is high change of them in having AIDS although it is not always necessary true as further examination will be needed (AIDS.gov, 2014). Blood test for HIV have been held every year to prevent and cope with HIV before it is too late. People who are infected by HIV/AIDS are more likely to experience an AIDS-defining complication such as pn eumocystis pneumonia, cytomegalovirus, tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis and cryptosporidiosis (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2014). Due to numerous causes of HIV/AIDS, it is hard to prevent its spreading. The most common cause of its infection is through sexual contact. Someone who is having unprotected sexual intercourse will have a higher risk of being infected by this disease. Furthermore, there areShow MoreRelatedSpreading Of Hiv / Aids1734 Words   |  7 Pages The Spreading of HIV/AIDS What is AIDS and how it is spreading throughout the world? Throughout the 20th-21st Century, AIDS has been a top primary concern for many people and how it can spread numerous ways through any physical contact. AIDS, which stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, has a set of symptoms that has caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, or HIV. This type of virus is considered to be when a person’s immune system is too weak to defend advanced HIV infectionsRead MoreAn Evaluation of Hiv-Aids Care and Prevention Strategies in Uk1067 Words   |  5 PagesO N An Overall View of HIV/AIDS Statistics in UK: According to the Bureau of Hygiene and Tropical Diseases, in the early 1980s, the number of people diagnosed with HIV was a increasing steadily. From 1987 to 1990 the cumulative number of HIV diagnoses reported was almost doubled (from 8,016 to 15,166) (1, 2). Between 1990 and 1997 there were between 2,000 and 2,700 HIV diagnoses reported annually.(3) From 1999 there was a huge rate of increase in the number of annual HIV Infected people, peak periodRead MoreHistory Of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome1272 Words   |  6 PagesThe history of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome in the United States starts in 1981, the year it became recognized by country as an official new strange disease. By 1982 it was recognized as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). It started in San Francisco, with five young homosexual men, they were presented with Pneumonia (PCP). As the year went on there were more reports of homosexual men presenting PCP and some of them were diagnosed with PCP and Kaposi ´s Sarcoma (KS). Others reportsRead MoreEssay on HIV/AIDS and Modern Medical Inventions1399 Words   |  6 Pagesadvancement in medical inventions, still the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the most challenging virus that will drag the human lives to the deadly disease acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It spreads its wings all over. HIV cannot be cured, but it can be prevented. It has become the greatest life threatening disease and affects unbelievably high percent of human beings. Nowadays, besides other deadly diseases, HIV/AIDS becomes more complex and crucial health issue that challenges severalRead MoreThe Epidemic Of The Hiv Virus1747 Words   |  7 PagesStephan Ziccardi Professor Becher ENC 1101 October 24th, 2015 Since the discovery of the HIV virus in 1983, there have been many precautions taken to control and prevent the spreading of this deadly disease. Helen Epstein, who is the author of â€Å"AIDS Inc,† informs her readers about the sexually transmitted disease known as the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Epstein enlightens her audience with crucial information in regards to the ruthless disease that is devouring the lives of innocentRead MoreAnglo American Plc Case Study1709 Words   |  7 Pages Kamlesh Bind PGDM –IB ( 08) 1. What are the pros and cons of Anglo American’s adoptions of a strategy in combating HIV/AIDS among its South African workforce ? What recommendation would you give the company concerning its HIV / AIDS policy ? Ans :- Anglo American had a huge investment in South Africa and was hard hit by the HIV / AIDS epidemic . It was one of the first corporation to develop a comprehensive, proactive strategy to combat the ravages of the disease on itsRead Moreessay on hiv-aids1669 Words   |  7 Pages2000 words essay on: HIV-AIDS AIDS, The full form is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immune Deficiency Virus). It is a condition in which the built in defence system of the body breaks down completely. This phenomenon is gradual but ultimately leads to total depletion of a very important cell component of the immune mechanism. Thus those who are affected are unable to combat with common diseases including even mildRead MoreDiscrimination of Hiv/Aids1466 Words   |  6 Pages1 Discrimination of HIV/AIDS Discrimination of HIV/AIDS-positive people in medical field and in society is morally wrong In the rural area of Nigeria, an AIDS patient cut his hand and, when he went to the closest hospital to bandage it, the doctors kept transferring him from one outpatient department to another medical ward, then to another one because they did not want to get infectedRead MoreMary Fisher Speech Summary846 Words   |  4 PagesDuring the late 1990s, the HIV virus spread to different parts of the world affecting millions of people and causing the death of many people. The spread of the virus brought fear to many people, especially those in America. Negative attitudes toward those with HIV or AIDS grew which made those with the virus feel ashamed of being exposed to the virus. Mary Fisher argues that raising awareness of HIV/AIDS is necessary to not only prevent the spread of the virus but to also help support those, notRead MoreAids ( Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome )1249 Words   |  5 PagesHIV, the virus which develops into AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), is on e of the world’s largest health concerns. The first cases were discovered in 1981. Now, about 35 years later, there are over 36.9 million people living with the disease (UNAIDS 1). Cases have been reported in all regions of the world. The majority of those living with HIV/AIDS, and those at greatest risk for contracting the disease, have limited to no access to education, prevention, care and treatment. There also

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Employee Attitude as a Function of Job Satisfaction Free Essays

EMPLOYEE ATTITUDE AS A FUNCTION OF JOB SATISFACTION Introduction There is confusion and debate among practitioners on the topic of employee attitudes and job satisfaction even at a time when employees are increasingly important for organizational success and competitiveness. â€Å"Happy employees are productive employees. †Ã¢â‚¬Å"Happy employees are not productive employees. We will write a custom essay sample on Employee Attitude as a Function of Job Satisfaction or any similar topic only for you Order Now † We hear these conflicting statements made by HR professionals and managers in organizations. This research aims at establishing job satisfaction as a basis for employee attitude; whether good or bad and we will do this by answering three questions: â€Å"What are the causes of employee attitudes? †, â€Å"What are the results of positive and negative job reaction? †and â€Å"How can we measure and influence employee attitudes? † Before we begin a description of what we mean by employee attitudes and job satisfaction will suffice. What is job satisfaction? Job satisfaction is how content an individual is with his/her job. In other words, a contentment (or lack of it arising out of interplay of the employees positive or negative feelings towards his/her job. However, there is a distinction between affective job satisfaction and cognitive job satisfaction. Affective job satisfaction is the extent of pleasurable emotional feelings an individual has about his job overall while the cognitive job satisfaction has to do with the extent to which the individual is satisfied with particular facets o his job. The most-used research definition of job satisfaction is by Locke (1976), who defined it as â€Å". . a pleasurable or positive emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one’s job or job experiences† (p. 1304). Implicit in Locke’s definition is the importance of both affect, or feeling, and cognition, or thinking. When we think, we have feelings about what we think. Conversely, when we have feelings, we think about what we feel. Cognition and affect are thus inextricably linked, i n our psychology and even in our biology. Thus, when evaluating our jobs, as when we assess most anything important to us, both thinking and feeling are involved. What is employee attitude? In other to have a panoramic understanding of this terminology, a conceptual clarification would suffice. What is an attitude? An attitude can be described as an expression of favor or disfavor towards a person, place, thing or event which is as a result of either a negative or positive evaluation of the object of affect. Employees have viewpoints about many aspect of their job, career, Organization. The above explanation gives us the idea that attitude can either be positive or negative. Thus employee attitude can be described as an employee’s expression either positive or negative towards his/her job, career or organization. How then do we make a distinction between positive and negative employee attitudes? Generally, It is in their promotion of organizational goals. Therefore, positive employee attitudes can be said to be in agreement with organizational goals thereby promoting it while negative employees can be said to be against organizational goals thereby suppressing organizational goals. This explains why employee attitude is easily cited as the number one performance related issue of companies. From the perspective of research and practice, the most focal employee attitude is job satisfaction. Thus, we often refer to employee attitudes broadly in this article, although much of our specific focus will concern job satisfaction. In the midst of all this, one little question crosses the mind; what are the causes of employee attitudes? What are the causes of employee attitudes? In general, HR Practitioners understand the importance of work situation as a cause of work attitude and it is an area that HR can help influence through organizational programs and management practices. However, in the past decades there has been gainful research in understanding dispositional and cultural influences on job satisfaction which is not yet well understood by HR practitioners. In addition, the work itself is also an area that influences job satisfaction and this is often overlooked by HR practitioners when addressing job satisfaction. Dispositional influences Several innovative studies have shown the influence of a person’s disposition on job satisfaction. Disposition can be described as a tendency to act in a specified way. There are some factors that affect our disposition and they are called dispositional variables. These variables are often viewed as part of the individual’s makeup, character or personality. Personality is defined as a combination of characteristic patterns of thought, feelings and behaviors peculiar to a person. It is said to be both physiological and psychological. On the other hand, character is a combination of mental and ethical traits marking a person. Dispositional variables are relatively stable across time and difficult to change. They are often used to explain consistency in individual behaviors across time and situations. The theory of dispositional influences is a very general theory that innate dispositions cause people to have tendencies towards a certain level of satisfaction regardless of the job. In 1997, Timothy A. Judge, Edwin A. locke and Cathy C. Durham argued that there are four core self-evaluations that determines ones disposition towards job satisfaction; self esteem, general self efficacy, locus of control and neuroticism. How to cite Employee Attitude as a Function of Job Satisfaction, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The Scarlet Letter Essay Summary Example For Students

The Scarlet Letter Essay Summary The Scarlet LetterBy Nathaniel HawthorneNathaniel Hawthornes background influenced him to write the bold novel The Scarlet Letter. Oneimportant influence on the story is money. Hawthorne had never made much money as an author and thebirth of his first daughter added to the financial burden (Biographical Note VII). He received a job atthe Salem Custom House only to lose it three years later and be forced to write again to support hisfamily (IX). Consequently, The Scarlet Letter was published a year later (IX). It was only intended to bea long short story, but the extra money a novel would bring in was needed (Introduction XVI). Hawthornethen wrote an introduction section titled The Custom House to extend the length of the book and TheScarlet Letter became a full novel (XVI). In addition to financial worries, another influence on thestory is Hawthornes rejection of his ancestors. His forefathers were strict Puritans, and JohnHathorne, his great-great-grandfather, was a judge presiding during the S!alem witch trials (Biographical Note VII). Hawthorne did not condone their acts and actually spent agreat deal of his life renouncing the Puritans in general (VII). Similarly, The Scarlet Letter was aliteral soapbox for Hawthorne to convey to the world that the majority of Puritans were strict andunfeeling. For example, before Hester emerges from the prison she is being scorned by a group of womenwho feel that she deserves a larger punishment than she actually receives. Instead of only being made tostand on the scaffold and wear the scarlet letter on her chest, they suggest that she have it branded onher forehead or even be put to death (Hawthorne 51). Perhaps the most important influence on the story isthe authors interest in the dark side (Introduction VIII). Unlike the transcendentalists of theera, Hawthorne confronted reality, rather than evading it (VII). Likewise, The Scarlet Letter dealswith adultery, a subject that caused much scandal when it w!as first publishe d (XV). The book revolves around sin and punishment, a far outcry from writers of the time, such as Emerson and Thoreau, who dwelt on optimistic themes(VII). This background, together with a believable plot, convincing characterization, and importantliterary devices enables Nathaniel Hawthorne in The Scarlet Letter to the develop the theme of the heartas a prison. The scaffold scenes are the most substantial situations in the story because they unify TheScarlet Letter in two influential ways. First of all, every scaffold scene reunites the main charactersof the novel. In the first scene, everyone in the town is gathered in the market place because Hester isbeing questioned about the identity of the father of her child ( Hawthorne 52). In her arms is theproduct of her sin, Pearl, a three month old baby who is experiencing life outside the prison for thefirst time (53). Dimmesdale is standing beside the scaffold because he is Hesters pastor and it is hisjob to convince her to repent and reveal the fathers name (65). A short time later, Chillingworthunexpectedly shows up within the crowd of people who are watching Hester after he is released from histwo year captivity by the Indians (61). In the second scene, Dimmesdale is standing on top of thescaffold alone in the middle of the night (152). He sees Hester and Pearl wal!k through the market plac e on their way back from Governor Winthrops bedside (157). When Dimmesdalerecognizes them and tells them to join him, they walk up the steps to stand by his side (158). .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc , .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc .postImageUrl , .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc , .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc:hover , .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc:visited , .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc:active { border:0!important; } .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc:active , .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u0487137a24ee64cc97a481d71ba1efbc:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight EssayChillingworth appears later standing beside the scaffold, staring at Dimmesdale, Hester, and Pearl. Inthe final scaffold scene, Dimmesdale walks to the steps of the scaffold in front of the whole town afterhis Election day sermon (263). He tells Hester and Pearl to join him yet again on the scaffold (264). Chillingworth then runs through the crowd and tries to stop Dimmesdale from reaching the top of thescaffold, the one place where he cant reach him (265). Another way in which the scenes are united ishow each illustrates the immediate, delayed, and prolonged effects that the sin of adultery has on themain characters. The first scene shows Hester being publicly punished on the scaffold (52). She isbeing forced to stand on it for three hours straight and listen to peop!le talk about her as

Tuesday, March 31, 2020

Sleeping Bags Essays - Camping Equipment, Insulators, Bags, Bedding

Sleeping Bags Choosing a Sleeping Bag Listed below are descriptions of the key characteristics differentiating Sleeping Bags. Price We list the Average Street Price (ASP) for a sleeping bag. Although ASP may be higher than the best retail price you can find, it is a good indication of what you may pay at a typical retailer. When an ASP is not available we list the Manufacturer Suggested Retail Price. (MSRP). The price listed is for the standard size sleeping bag. Often there are long (and occaisonally short) versions of the bag as well. The long version typically adds an extra 10 to 20 dollars to the price tag, while the short version is either the same price or a few dollars less. Range: $20 to almost $800. 80% of sleeping bags are between $80 and $450, with a median price of $180. Brand Brand is usually the name of the company that makes the particular sleeping bag, although sometimes companies will produce several brands. Shape Have you ever had the desire to be wrapped up tight just like King Tut? Then look at the mummy shaped sleeping bag, which is specially designed to form fit the body. The mummy is the most popular shape for sleeping bags, with the advantage of being very compact and warm. Still, some people get a little claustrophobic with no room to toss and turn, in which case the semi-rectangular bag is a good choice. It gives you space to store a few things in the bag and move about, without sacrificing the tapered foot area or the mummy-style hood. However remember it is less heat-efficient and a bit heavier than the mummy shape. Rectangular bags are the bulkiest and heaviest of the bags, but they are cheap, roomy, and easy to zip together to form two-person bags. Range: Mummy, Semi-Rectangular, Rectangular Temperature Rating Temperature rating is a hotly debated subject in the outdoor world. It is the indicator of the lowest temperatures (in Fahrenheit) you can use the bag in and still be comfortable. There are no standardized ratings and so each manufacturer provides an estimate. In any case, this number may be different for you personally, according to whether you are a hot or cold sleeper. Use this number as a guideline, but keep in mind your own sleeping habits and choose conservatively according to the coldest weather you think you will encounter when camping. Range: -65 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Fill Type Do you prefer down or synthetic insulation? This is the big choice that everyone faces when buying a sleeping bag. Down fanatics will tell you there's absolutely no replacement for a sleeping bag filled with the down from a goose. Down bags are generally warmer, lighter, more durable and more compactible than synthetic bags. They mold to your body to fill the voids that steal heat and compress down to a little pouch at the bottom of your backpack. However, down bags are cold when they get wet, don't dry as quickly as synthetic bags, and can only be dry-cleaned. They are also more expensive. Synthetic bags are cheaper, machine washable, and more water resistant (it's even said they're comfortable when wet, although no bag is comfortable if soaked through). They dry quickly, resist mold and are non-allergenic. If you do a lot of camping in rainy conditions, a synthetic might be the way to go. However if money is no option and you want a high quality sleeping bag that will last three times longer than a synthetic bag, take a good look at down. Range: Down or Synthetic. Water Resistant Shell A wet sleeping bag is a miserable experience--cold and clammy to sleep in and sometimes difficult to dry. Some shells are made of a water resistant material that helps keep moisture out (blocking the wind as well). This is great in difficult weather. However, water resistant shells have their negatives as well. They are not as breathable as non-resistant shells, which means that you may be protected from the elements on the outside, but soaking your sleeping bag with sweat from the inside. They are also more expensive than the non-resistant shells, particularly the DryLoft shell, which can add over $100 to the price of the bag. When deciding if a water resistant shell is important to you, consider the weather you plan to be camping in to help you decide if the investment is worth it. Range: Yes or No. Insulated Draft

Saturday, March 7, 2020

World Peace essays

World Peace essays World peace is a commonly debated issue among todays society. Questions that arise are: Will it ever be attained? When? Is it even possible? These questions have reached the minds of everyone, with a variety of opinions. Political status, culture, and belief all affect their beliefs. Everyone has a different thought, and no one really knows. Will there be a nuclear war, engulfing the world in a nuclear inferno? Will a second coming of Christ occur? Maybe the world will unite under one leader? The worlds future in world peace can be predicted by none, but I, as many people do, have my own theory. I believe that world peace will never be attained, that it is just an idea created by the human emotion of hope. Not that this is a bad idea; it is a great thought. However, unrealistic. I will discuss in three main points why world peace is impossible to obtain. First of all, with so many varieties of religions, they cant cooperate even in todays society. Secondly, Political beliefs on gover nment varies just as greatly. Similar to religion, politics can cause just as big of an impact on war. My last reason why world peace will never be attained, is the simple fact that no one gets along with everyone. Religion comes in many forms, and in some cases, religions are at war with each other. This does not make religion bad. Most of the world would be against that thought. Some religions just need to cooperate with each other. Sadly, in some countries, religious wars render a country war torn. While everyone should be entitled to their own beliefs, they shouldnt infringe upon anothers. Political parties are found in great varieties. Many people, like the founding fathers of the United states, had everyones best interests in mind. Most political parties also have the nations best interests in mind. Unfortunately, some nations are governed by a political faction forced upon them. This demotes ...

Thursday, February 20, 2020

The Selection Process Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words - 1

The Selection Process - Term Paper Example le applicant would have, the type of fit that would make the applicant the right person for the specific job, compares the job description with the expectations of the position, and explicates whether the job description aligns with the skills, background, and fit needed to excel in this position. Attributes that I might seek as a nurse manager not outlined in the job description are also outlined in this paper and how I could elicit this information during an interview. Selection as defined by Lussier and Hendon (2013) is "The process of choosing the best qualified applicant recruited for a job" (p. 197). The selection process in my organization commences after applicants apply for an advertised position. Since many applicants apply for a single opening, there is need for evaluating the suitability of the candidates by the Human Resource Personnel in order to identify the best candidates from the large pool of applicants. The chosen candidates are sent for interviewing by a committee chosen by the Board of Directors comprising of Human Resource manager, Nurse managers, and a few other healthcare providers particularly in the nursing field. The nurse managers evaluates the familiarity of applicants as well as their aptitude in terms of expertise with nursing equipments (Markey and Tingle, 2012). Human resource personnel are responsible for ensuring the interviews are conducted within the set organization and federal guidelines. The committee then se nds a recommendation to the Board for the final pronouncement (Rosdahi and Kowalski, 2008). This election process is highly effective. Selecting individuals who are knowledgeable and well acquainted with all equipments involved in nursing is imperative as this helps prevent unnecessary medical errors (Rosdahi and Kowalski, 2008). The fact that nurse managers have the role of testing the skills and abilities of the applicants makes the process effective. Human Resource personnel are knowledgeable in legal matters